Victims often report a feeling of perpetual defilement, an inability to feel clean, an overwhelming sense of vulnerability, and a paralyzing feeling of lack of control over their lives. Many are haunted by fear of the place in which the crime occurred, or of being followed, or of all sexual relationships.
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Others experience long-term disruption of sleep or eating patterns or an inability to function at work. The duration of the psychological trauma varies from individual to individual; many feel the effects for years, even with considerable supportive therapy.
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The age at which an individual may give effective consent to sexual intercourse is commonly set in most countries at between 14 and 18 years though it is as low as 12 years in some countries. Sexual intercourse with a person below the age of consent is termed statutory rape, and consent is no longer relevant.
The term statutory rape specifically refers to the legal proscription against having sexual intercourse with a child or any other person presumed to lack comprehension of the physical and other consequences of the act. The term statutory rape may also refer to any kind of sexual assault committed against a person above the age of consent by an individual in a position of authority e.
Statutory rape often leaves the victim with long-term psychological and physical damage, including sexually transmitted diseases and the inability to bear children. For example, statutory rape was particularly prevalent in South Africa in the period following the abolition of apartheid , when it was estimated that some two-fifths of South African rape victims were under age According to Interpol , in the early 21st century there were more rapes per capita in South Africa than in any other country.
A study conducted by the Medical Research Council in South Africa showed that more than a quarter of South African men said they had committed rape.
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Nearly three-quarters of those men committed their first rape before reaching age 20, and nearly half of them were repeat offenders. Many of the participants expressed no remorse for the assaults. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback.
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Thank you for your feedback. Introduction Scope, effects, and motivations Statutory rape Rape as a weapon of war.
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Written By: Anne L. See Article History.
About the Encyclopedia
Available online, and in four printed volumes, the encyclopedia is an essential reference for any practitioner in a forensic, medical, healthcare, legal, judicial, or investigative field looking for easily accessible and authoritative overviews on a wide range of topics. Chapters have been arranged in alphabetical order, and are written in a clear-and-concise manner, with definitions provided in the case of obscure terms and information supplemented with pictures, tables, and diagrams.
Each topic includes cross-referencing to related articles and case studies where further explanation is required, along with references to external sources for further reading. Medical examiners; coroners; the police; prison medical officers; those involved in refugee medicine and allegations of torture; healthcare professionals also involved in this field: prison nurses, sexual assault nurse examiners and custody nurses. This work will be heavily relied upon by those working in forensic and legal medicine and related fields.
Summing Up: Highly recommended. The Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine is a veritable forensic library.
I would recommend it to forensic pathologists, general pathologists, pediatric pathologists, forensic physicians, forensic scientists, coroners, forensic investigators, emergency department physicians, police surgeons, homicide detectives, prosecutors, judges, legal practitioners, pediatricians, primary care physicians, and psychiatrists. Lesley Lord, Science and Justice, We are always looking for ways to improve customer experience on Elsevier. We would like to ask you for a moment of your time to fill in a short questionnaire, at the end of your visit.
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Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine - 2nd Edition
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